1We’re about to embark on quite a journey. We’ll uncover how mathematics, through the study of both magic squares and latin squares hold relationships with the planets, the days of the week, the stars in the zodiac and naturally occurring crystals. Along the way new geometrical symbols will be introduced to represent crystals and the days in a week to reinforce how mathematics and nature are inexorably linked!

You’ll start to see how they’re all intertwined, how mathematics plays a part in each. It’s not going to easy. But if you follow successfully, you’ll not only be an expert at many different hot topics today in mathematics and alchemy, but a potential champion in the game on my upcoming app.

First up- let’s talk about magic squares. What’s a magic square? Where and when did they first appear? A magic square is the layout or arrangement of numbers in a square grid. Each number is only allowed to occur once, such that the sum of the numbers across any row, down any column, as well as along both main diagonals add to the same amount: called the magic sum.

Consider the simplest magic square: a 3 x 3 magic square:

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The numbers in the grid are made up of the numbers 1 to 9. The magic sum equals 15, which just happens to be 3 times the value of the central number!!. Try it out for yourself: 6 + 1 + 8 = ? That’s right 15. Another: 6+ 7 + 2 = ? Yep, another 15. No matter how you spin it or which way you look at it, the magic sum is 15.

Next up- we’ll chat about who discovered magic squares and how have they evolved to be such a central part of so many different aspects of mathematics.