We’re about to embark on quite a journey. We’ll uncover how mathematics, through the study of both magic squares and latin squares hold relationships with the planets, the days of the week, the stars in the zodiac and naturally occurring[…]

# Category: Magic Squares

## The Origin of the Magic Square

- LOCATED IN Magic Squares

Magical Squares were first discovered in ancient China, circa 650 BC. At that time they were regarded as symbols of the intertwined harmonies and complexities of the Universe. Some mathematicians and scientists still see them the same way today. The[…]

## The First Additional Properties

- LOCATED IN Magic Squares

Intrigue and excitement around Magic Squares quickly spread across cultures. Investigations into Magic Squares next turned to Arabia as early as the Seventh Century. Like the Chinese before them, the Arabs were able to find religious significance. Under the influence[…]

Magic Squares appeared in a Spanish manuscript around 1280. The manuscript described the astrological features attributed to Magic Squares. Magic Squares were considered planetary. Each of the Ruling Planets: The Sun, The Moon, Saturn, Jupiter, Mercury, Venus & Mars were[…]

## The Magic in Magic Squares

- LOCATED IN Magic Squares

Europe had a complete fascination with Magic Squares. In the sixteenth century they were considered as “magical’ and were even applied as “spells”. In 1531, Heinrich Agrippa authored De Occulta Philosophia, in which he researched the earlier ideas relating magic[…]

## Magic Squares in Art

- LOCATED IN Magic Squares

Not all Magic Squares had their roots in Astrology or Mysticism. The engraving “Melencolia I” by Albrecht Durer contained a 4 x 4 magic square and was probably the first example associating Magic Squares with art. Durer’s Magic Square is[…]

## Properties of Durer’s Magic Square

- LOCATED IN Magic Squares

Durer’s Magic square has a startling number of properties. 1. The sum of the corners add to the Magic Sum of 34. 2. The sum of the centre also adds to 34. 3. Both opposing sides add to 34. 4[…]

## The Topsy – Turvy Magic Square

- LOCATED IN Magic Squares

The magic square drawn below will make you dizzy! Determine its magic sum. Click to see solution.. Solution The magic sum is 264. But what makes this particular magic square so unusual? Draw this magic square upside down, what do[…]

## The Alphamagic Square

- LOCATED IN Magic Squares

Consider the 3 x 3 Magic Square drawn below. It has a magic sum of 45. At first sight it doesn’t appear to have any special properties. But it does! Invented by Lee Sallows, who reported his results in Abacus[…]

## The IXOHOXI Magic Square

- LOCATED IN Magic Squares

Here is a bizarre Magic Square also known as the IXOHOXI Magic Square due to its reflective properties. First of all let us note a few key aspects of this Magic square. (i) The Magic Sum is 19998 (ii) There[…]

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